Quick And Easy Ways To learn The 5 basic styles of wine

Have you ever been in a restaurant with the wine menu in your hands and don´t know exactly what to order because it seems a long list? Well, wine menus can be overwhelming, but with this few tricks you will have the information needed to understand the different styles of wine and ordering or buying wine like a pro next time.

Wine can be divided into 5 basics styles, each of them can have some subcategories, but in this article we are going to focus on the main 5:

  1. White wine is a wine that is fermented without skin contact. White wines can be straw-yellow, yellow-green, or yellow-gold. It is produced by the alcoholic fermentation of the non-colored pulp of grapes, which may have a skin of any color.

White wines can be classified in light bodied, full-bodied and aromatic white wines. Examples of white wines are Chardonnay, Pinot Gris, Riesling, Chenin Blanc, Grenache blanc and Sauvignon Blanc.

White wines can be pair with fish, seafood, creamy cheese, salads and chicken.

2. Red wine must be made from black grapes and tend to be more complex in taste. The actual color of the wine can range from intense violet, typical of young wines, through to brick red for mature wines and brown for older red wines.

Red wines can be classified in light-bodied red wine; medium-bodied red wine; and full-bodied red wine. They regularly comprise part of a meal. Examples of red wines are: Pinot Noir, Beaujolais, Merlot, Tempranillo, Cabernet Sauvignon, Malbec and Syrah.

Red wines can be pair with red meat (steak), lamb, hamburgers, Asian dishes and chicken.

3. Rosé wine is made from red or black grape with a short fermentation time. However, there is another popular style to make this Rosé, by just straight away blending red wine and white wine together.

Rosés are right for drinking alone, as an aperitif and with meals. In some ways, this type of wine is a general-purpose drink. You need to chill all Rosés before drinking.

Examples of rosés wines are: Cabernet Franc Rosé, Provence Rosé, Pinot Noir Rosé and Sangiovese Rosé. Rosé wines can be pair with light flavor dishes like fish, poultry or fruit.

4. Sparkling wines are fizzy because they have carbon dioxide trapped within them. All Champagne is sparkling wine, but not all sparkling wine is Champagne.

Sparkling wines that are labeled Champagne must come from the Champagne region of France and are made using a specific, traditional process called Méthode Champenoise. The other sparkling wines come from all over the world, but are called different names (and follow their own rules), depending on where they are made.

Examples of sparkling wines are Champagne, Prosecco and Cava. These wines must be served well chilled and can be pair with triple cream cheese, shrimp and shellfish, smoked salmon, caviar and fruit-bases deserts like tarts and crepes.

5. Sweet or dessert wines is a wine that has a high sweetness and commonly served with desserts after the meal. In the UK people usually drink sweet white wine as an aperitif, before the meal, and sweet red wine to rinse their palate after.

Examples of dessert wines are Port, Sherry, Fino and Madeira.

I hope this article helps you to choose the perfect wine for your occasion and food.

With Love Brenda

Wine beginner & Co-founder of Wahioli. Passionate about Wine 🍷, food🍗 & travel ✈️ 🗺 Join me on my journey to becoming a wine expert https://wahioli.com